Ballia: Chandra Shekhar Singh was born on July 1, 2012 in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. Known as a fireband in student politics, he became the eighth Prime Minister of India.
He joined active politics after graduation from Allahabad University, and was elected as the secretary of the Praja Socialist Party (PSP) in Ballia. Within a year, he was elected as the joint secretary of the PSP's State Unit in Uttar Pradesh. In 1955-56, he took over as the general secretary of the party in the state.
His career as a parliamentarian began with his election to the Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh in 1962. He had a nationwide padayatra in 1983 to know the country better, which he claimed, gave jitters to Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India.
Chandra Shekhar was a prominent leader of socialists. He joined Congress in 1964. From 1962 to 1967, he was a member of the
Rajya Sabha. He first entered the Lok Sabha in 1967. As a member of the Congress Party, he vehemently criticized Indira Gandhi for her activities. This led to a split in the Congress in 1975. Chandra Shekhar was arrested during the emergency and sent to prison.
After the emergency, he became the President of Janata Party. In the parliamentary elections, Janata Party did very well and formed the coalition government headed by late Morarji Desai. In 1988, his party merged with other parties and formed the government under the leadership of VP Singh. Again his relationship with the coalition deteriorated and he formed another party, Janata Dal socialist faction. With the support of Congress (I) headed by Rajiv Gandhi.
After his predecessor VP Singh resigned, he led a breakaway faction of the Janata Dal, known as the Samajwadi Janta Party to become the eighth Prime Minister of India on November 10, 1990 as Congress decided to extend outside support to his government. The relationship crumbled quickly, as the Congress party accused him of spying on Rajiv Gandhi, their leader at that time. The Congress Party then boycotted Parliament and as Shekhar's faction only had 64 MPs, he resigned in a nationally televised address on March 6, 1991. He remained in office until national elections could be held later that year.
Chandra Shekhar suffered from multiple myeloma, a form of cancer of the plasma cell. He had been hospitalized for over three months by the date of his death, aged 80, in New Delhi on 8 July 2007. He was survived by two sons. One of them, Neeraj Shekhar contested and won the Ballia Lok Sabha which was vacated through his father's death.
We thanks Chandra Shekhar on his birthday who revived student politics and made way for young minds in the country to enter politics. Today, team Pardaphash pays tribute to the revolutionary leader.