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Rio Hamza: The lost river of Amazon basin




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Published on: Sat, 27 Aug 2011 at 08:11 IST
Rio Hamza: The lost river of Amazon basin
Rio de Janeiro: The secrets stored in the belly of the Amazon river basin in Brazil has always excited many explorers and this time it has added another to its credit.

According to reports, scientists in Brazil have discovered a new river around flowing 4km below the Amazon river itself.

Named after its discoverer Valiya Mannathal Hamza, the Rio Hamza is as long as the Amazon but is at least a hundred times wider.

There are other striking similarities like both rivers flow from West to East, are about the same length of 6000km and drain into the Atlantic.

But whereas the Amazon ranges from 1km to 100km in width, the Hamza ranges from 200km to 400km.

The speed of the Amazon is faster than the Rio Hamza.

The Hamza was located using data collected inside a series of 241 abandoned deep wells that were drilled in the Amazon region by the petrochemical company Petrobras in the 1970s and 1980s.

According to the researchers, the presence of the Rio Hamza river might account for the relatively low salinity of the waters around the mouth of the Amazon.

Hamza, a scientist of Brazil's National Observatory who has undertaken research on the region for four decades, said that it will take some more time to confirm the river's existence. For the time being, it is all a mathematical conclusion.
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