London: A 44-year-old British citizen recently became the first person, who has been cured by the HIV infection.
According the scientists, HIV virus is found completely undetectable in the man’s blood and there are high chances of creating an unbreakable cure to the HIV disease.
The HIV is such a disease which cannot be cured easily because it is directly connected to our immune system, joining itself to the DNA of T-cells so that they not only ignore the disease, but turn into viral factories which reproduce the virus.
There are two types of therapies which are called anti-retroviral therapies that target T-cells which are infected with HIV but they cannot treat dormant T-cells.
This also means that the body of the patient will continue to produce viruses.
How the therapy works?
This therapy works in two stages and ‘is specially designed to clear all types of the viruses from the body including dormant ones’ said Professor Sarah Fidler, a consultant physician at Imperial College London.
First, the treatment is done through vaccine, which detects all the HIV-infected cells and then clears them out.
Second, treatment is done with the help of a drug ‘Vorinostat’ which activate the dormant T-cells, so that they can be detected by the immune system.
At least there is a team of 50 people who were part of this experiment conducted by the team assembled from five different UK universities.
“We are exploring the real possibility of curing HIV. This is a huge challenge and it’s still early days but the progress has been remarkable” said Mark Samuels, managing director of the National Institute for Health Research Office for Clinical Research Infrastructure.
He further added, “We will continue with the medical tests for the next five years and at the moment we are not recommending stopping Art but in the future, depending on the test results we may explore this.”
(Note:- Story by Ishita Chauhan)